Types of wood used in furniture

Types of wood used in furniture

Types of wood used in furniture

Purchasing a home is a significant investment, and the type of furniture you choose to furnish your home is just as important. If you are looking for furniture that will last, then solid wood furniture is the best option. Wood furniture comes in many shapes, styles, colors. And these are all very important aspects to consider, but one of the most crucial aspects to consider is the wood that your furniture will be crafted from. 

When choosing a wood for your furniture, there are a few attributes that need to be carefully examined: appearance (tone and grain), durability, and cost. The decision to invest in wooden furniture lends to the fact that you are wanting to have a piece of furniture that will be around for years to come. Therefore, choosing the right material is crucial. 

Rating the Durability and Hardness of Wood

There are many types of wood, and each one has its own specific characteristics. Some are more durable and harder than others. But how do you know which wood is harder, which is softer, which is more durable. There is a scale called the Janka Hardness scale that measures the hardness of wood in pounds of force. For example, the Australian Buloke, which is the hardest wood on the scale, has a hardness rating of 5,060 lbf, while the softest is Balsa wood with a rating of 70 lbf. This will help give a little perspective when you see a Janka rating on wood or wooden furniture.

Types of Wood

There are many types of wood that are ideal for furniture for your home. But to create the perfect piece, it is good to know the facts about the woods that are available. Here is a breakdown of the different types of wood.


If you are looking for a hardwood with a long lasting durability, then oak is the perfect choice. As one of the most popular choices for dining room tables, cabinetry, chairs and bedroom furniture, oak is classic in design and resists scratches and dings. Oak wood has an open textured grain pattern with hues in golden, red or pink. The hardness and density rating of oak is 1,290 on the Janka scale. Although not the most expensive wood, it still costs more than pine. 


When looking to make a dining room table or coffee table the centerpiece of your home, look no further than walnut wood. The grain pattern and rich dark tones of the wood are what makes this wood a great choice. Walnut wood looks amazing in modern, contemporary styles as well as farmhouse design. Pair this wood with chairs that are made with clean and sleek lines to create a one of a kind design. Although not as hard as oak, walnut has a Janka rating of 1,010. It can be susceptible to denting and scratching even though it is very hard. Since walnut is a much sought after wood for furniture, it can be on the expensive to highly expensive side of the spectrum. 


For rustic, farmhouse looking furniture, hickory is an ideal choice. With a hardness rating of 1,820 on the Janka scale, hickory is definitely a great choice for durability. The only drawback of hickory is the tendency to warp and crack due to the density of the wood. Hickory tends to have contrasting tones of dark and light brown. The grain of hickory wood is very earthy and has a smooth feel. The cost of hickory is moderately expensive, but if you are looking for that country, rustic design, hickory is the perfect wood.


To achieve that contemporary, sleek design that is so elegant, maple is a top choice. With a Janka Hardness rating of 1,450, maple is one of the hardest domestic varieties of wood in North America. It is one of the most durable types of wood, which makes it a perfect choice for dining room tables, chairs, bedroom sets and dressers that will be used daily. The light tone and close grain pattern will create a beautiful table that will last for generations. 

Your furniture is an investment. Make it an investment that will last for years to come and can be passed down to your children and even grandchildren. No matter what type of wood you decide on for your furniture, make certain that it fits into your style and your design.